Cheney Reservoir was constructed by the Bureau of Reclamation in 1964. It lies in south central Kansas within the North Fork of the Ninnescah River valley. The Ninnescah River is a tributary of the Arkansas River. Its major uses include fish and wildlife management, recreation, flood control, and a water supply for the city of Wichita.
The reservoir complex consists of 9,537 acres of water at conservation pool, 5,249 acres of wildlife area, and 1,913 acres of state park.
Cheney State Park is accessible from numerous roads and includes several boat ramps, marina, camping facilities, fishing, hunting, hiking trails, and is especially a favorite sailing lake being located in the open, flat plains of central Kansas. Open to fishing year-round, predominate fish species include crappie, catfish, and striped bass.